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Types of Scuba Diving


Scuba diving is an exhilarating adventure, and there are various types of scuba diving.

Let’s begin by looking at the most common scuba diving type: open water diving. Most beginning divers start out in a contained area or perhaps in a dive pool. In the beginning phases you will learn how to assemble all of your dive gear, you’ll learn how to get in and out of the water; you’ll be learning all the basics to diving. Open water diving is moved outside of these contained areas and out into the open water. You’ll move out into the open perhaps out into the sea or a lake.

Penetration diving is a form off diving where the diver enters a surface area where there is no clear vertical path. In this form of diving there aren’t clear pathways to areas that may contain breathable air or even to the surface. Due to the surroundings, this can be a very risky yet exhilarating form of diving.

Wreck diving has become very popular type of scuba diving over the years. This type of diving is done by many recreational divers as well as professional divers who do it as part of a business. Seeking the experience of wreck diving brings on new adventures for a new diver. It also brings scuba diving history right before your eyes. Wreck diving is also an educational experience as well. As time takes its toll on the wreckage, it also becomes a home to marine life.

Wreck diving can also be very dangerous depending on the site of the wreck. As with any structure that has deteriorated over time, parts can become fragile and break or there can be sharp broken edges. So many factors are to be considered when wreck diving. Also ships often are in very deep waters and it takes those who are experienced in deep diving to be able to handle this situation safely.

Deep water diving involves greater depths then just below the surface diving. How deep also depends on the training and skills of the diver. Depth diving requires the appropriate training. Deeper depths can take a toll on the human body. Deep water diving involves many different aspects that have to be considered:

  • Temperature
  • Lighting
  • Visibility
  • Pressure
  • Currents

Once occurrence to beware of is Inert Gas Narcosis . This is a reversible alteration in consciousness producing a state similar to alcohol intoxication in scuba divers at various depths but is most common in deeper depths of water. It has been stated as exhibiting signs of direct effect from nitrogen dissolving into nerve membranes which causes a temporary disruption in the nerve transmissions. This is why safety and awareness is important. Diving can be the experience of a lifetime but as with anything you need the proper training and education.

Cave diving is the most dangerous type of scuba diving and is very specialized diving that requires special equipment to explore underwater caves that are either fully or partially filled with water. This has slowly risen to popularity due to the amazing experience but also is typically only performed by those with the skill set to do so. This brings with is a unique experience because you will find flora and fauna not found in other dive areas as well as stalactites and stalagmites. Cave diving requires a lot of preparation. This type of diving is a form of penetration diving. This means that as with open water diving where you can ascend to the surface in an emergency, in cave diving you can’t typically ascend vertically due to cave ceilings, so many divers will have to swim horizontally to get to a secure area. Cave diving also requires a tank with a great deal of air because entries and exits to these caves and caverns can be far apart. Some caves can have extremely strong under water currents, so once again safety is always a concern and a priority.

Drift diving is a form of diving where the diver is carried by the current. As they drift with the current they can travel long distances and often can see a lot more of the habitat due to that. Many divers like this form of diving because it gives them the feeling of flying underwater. Since the diver is being carried by a current at various speeds it is importance that only those trained in this form of diving attempt it.

River diving takes a great deal of stamina and the diver needs to be in exceptional physical condition. A great deal of upper body strength is necessary since crawling along the surface of the river is a typical experience. A diver can also experience drift diving in a river environment.

Ice diving is a form of penetration diving. This is a very advanced form of diving. Typically there is only one entrance and exit in these environments. Divers who are not trained in this area are urged to not attempt it due to the dangerous nature of the dive. Typically this dive is a team effort. For the safety of the diver they are typically tethered to a line that is attached to other divers.

Night diving is as simple as it states, diving performed at night; in darkness. Since many of the marine life are nocturnal, the diver is opened to a whole new experience. Since vision is limited, this form of diving also offers its own set of risks. Use of a surface buoy is recommended to keep the surface aware of the diver’s whereabouts.

Rescue diving is as simple to define as its name. Specially trained divers risk their lives to save other divers in need.

As you can see, diving offers many different varieties that will enhance the diving experience, With the proper training and safety precautions, diving can be a fun and rewarding experience. Scuba diving starts with a scuba diving certification course. Are you ready?

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